Relative efficacy and safety of intralesional measles mumps rubella vaccine (MMR) and intralesional vitamin D in multiple and recalcitrant verrucae vulgaris


Original Article

Author Details : Niharika Mittal, SK Malhotra*, Navyug Raj Singh

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 158-163

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijced.2021.030



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Abstract

Introduction: Verrucae or Warts are the viral infection of skin and mucosae caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Destructive modalities are the mainstay of treatment. They can have their own shortcomings like pain, infection, scarring and recurrence. To overcome these, immunotherapy is the emerging modality.
Aims and Objectives: To study the relative efficacy and safety of intralesional Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) vaccine and intralesional Vitamin D in the treatment of multiple and recalcitrant verruca vulgaris.
Materials and Methods: 50 patients with multiple (>5) and recalcitrant warts were enrolled and divided randomly into two groups (Group A and Group B): In Group A, 25 patients were injected 0.3ml MMR vaccine whereas in Group B, 25 patients were injected 0.5ml Vitamin D injection after achieving anaesthesia with 0.2ml injection Lignocaine into the largest wart at 2 weeks interval until complete clearance or for maximum of 3 injections whichever was earlier. Patients were followed up fortnightly for 12 weeks.
Results: In Group A, 19 (76%) patients showed Grade IV, 2 (8%) patients had Grade III, 3 (12%) patients had GII and only 1 (4%) patient had Grade I improvement. In Group B on the other hand, 15 (60%) patients showed Grade IV, 4 (16%) patients had GIII, 4 (16%) patients had Grade II and 2 (8%) patients had Grade I improvement. None of the patients developed new lesions in both groups.
Conclusion: Both the immunotherapeutic treatments are safe, economic and less traumatic to the patients as compared to the destructive procedures for the treatment of warts.

Keywords: Warts, Verrucae, Injection MMR, Vitamin D.


How to cite : Mittal N , Malhotra S , Singh N R, Relative efficacy and safety of intralesional measles mumps rubella vaccine (MMR) and intralesional vitamin D in multiple and recalcitrant verrucae vulgaris. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2021;7(2):158-163


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 07-05-2021

Accepted : 19-05-2021

Available online : 29-05-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijced.2021.030


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