A comparative study of topical retinoids tretinoin-0.04% and adapalene - 0.1% in acne grade 1 and grade 2


Original Article

Author Details : Selva Sudha*, Vella Pandi

Volume : 7, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 217-221

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijced.2021.041



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Abstract

Background: Acne is a chronic, self-limiting inflammatory disease of pilosebaceous unit. It is multifactorial, of which Propioniobacterium acne and Sebum play an important role in etiopathogenesis.
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to compare efficacy of Tretinoin and Adapalene in Acne Vulgaris and to compare the side effects of topical tretinoin and adapalene.
Materials and Methods: Randomized prospective comparative clinical trial with sample size of 50 patients who are recruited from department of dermatology of MMCH&RI.
Result: Adapalene 0. 1% produced numerically greater lesion reduction than tretinoin 0. 04% for all lesion types. Thus, Adapalene was found superior to Tretinoin in reducing average number of lesions. Highest reduction in number of lesions with both topical retinoids was for comedones (p< 0 xss=removed> Conclusion: In Patients who applied adapalene, most of them were reduced to grade 0 and grade I and only few were in grade II. Whereas in patients who applied tretinoin only few were reduced to grade 0 and many were in grade I and grade II. Side effects were more commonly seen in patient treated with topical Tretinoin than with topical Adapalene. Adapalene was better tolerated than tretinoin. Hence adapalene is a safe and effective in treatment of acne.

Keywords: Acne, Side effects, Topical Retinoids, Tretinoin, Adapalene


How to cite : Sudha S, Pandi V, A comparative study of topical retinoids tretinoin-0.04% and adapalene - 0.1% in acne grade 1 and grade 2. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2021;7(3):217-221


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 28-06-2021

Accepted : 05-07-2021

Available online : 04-09-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijced.2021.041


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