Different patterns of cutaneous manifestation of diabetes mellitus type-2 observed in tertiary care centre of South West Rajasthan


Original Article

Author Details : Anurag Bareth, Charul Agrawal, Kalpana Gupta*

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 341-346

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijced.2021.064



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Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinal disorder caused by complex interaction of genetics and environmental factors. Various dermatological features are known to be cutaneous markers of diabetes mellitus like diabetic dermatopathy, acrochordons, acanthosis nigricans and bullous diabeticorum, etc.
Materials and Methods: An observational cross-sectional study on a total of 400 patients of Diabetes Mellitus Type-2. A complete cutaneous examination was done in all cases to observe for the presence of any specific or nonspecific dermatosis. All the statistical tests were two sided and P-value <0> Results: This study showed that in specific cutaneous disorders, Acrochordon 138(34.5%) was the most common manifestation which was followed by, Bacterial Infections 93(23.5%), Dermatophytosis 77(19.2%), Candidiasis 76(19%), Acanthosis nigricans 50(12.5%) and Onychomycosis 33(8.25%) in decreasing order. Xerosis 259(64.7%) was the commonest manifestation in non-specific cutaneous disorders followed by, Generalized pruritus 200(50%), Seborrheic keratosis 35(8.75%) in decreasing order.
Conclusion: Cutaneous manifestations are quite common in uncontrolled (HbA1c>7gm) type 2 diabetes mellitus as compare to controlled group. Uncontrolled group is more prone to develop diabetic complication like hypertension, diabetic retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy etc. It is concluded that, Diabetes mellitus Type-2 involves the skin quite often and whenever patients present with multiple skin manifestation and then diabetic statusshould be checked and controlled.
 

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Acrochordon, Acanthosis nigricans


How to cite : Bareth A, Agrawal C, Gupta K, Different patterns of cutaneous manifestation of diabetes mellitus type-2 observed in tertiary care centre of South West Rajasthan. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2021;7(4):341-346


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 26-11-2021

Accepted : 01-12-2021

Available online : 11-12-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijced.2021.064


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